The article characterizes the foundation of national freedom, national thought in Azerbaijan in the early XX century. It is emphasized about the main event of the period which is considered the formation of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. In this article we came to conclusion that the basis for the foundation of the national liberty is the national culture that formed national consciousness. National culture find itself on the literary process of the period which inspired by free spirit. All poets, writers, publicists praised freedom, liberty, sovereignty of people in their writings. They considered enlightenment the only way out from colonial conditions. In this article the examples were shown from great active ideologist such as M.Hadi, A.Javad, M.A.Rasulzadeh, J.Mammadquluzadeh and etc. who really wanted to see their nation independent. In the conclusion the main role of the national culture is taken into account on the way of enlightenment in XX century.
THE THEME OF THE STRUGGLE FOR NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE AND PARLIAMENTARY LIFE IN THE AZERBAIJANI LITERATURE AND PRESS IN THE EARLY XX CENTURY
Keywords: Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, independence, thought of freedom, Parliament, Rasulzadeh