With his over 60 year active literary life the prominent Azerbaijani poet Bakhtiyar Vahabzada is among the personalities who mostly affected the nation-building process via their literary and public activities in 20th century. The independence of his nation, the reuniting of Azerbaijan that was divided into two parts by the verdict of great politics, the preservation of national and moral values during the years passed within soviet regime has always made Bakhtiyar Vahabzada think about in this respect as a poet and as an intellectual. The partition of Azerbaijan between the kingdom of Iran and tsarist Russia with the following division of nation into two parts through impassable borders have been reflected in number of verses of Bakhtiyar Vahabzada, particularly in his poem entitled “Gulustan” written in 1958. The fact that having evaded the supervision of the political censorship Bakhtiyar Vahabzada succeeded in publishing the indicated poem incompatible with the ideological line of Soviet Union, made him popular as a patriot with unwavering conviction at the scope of Azerbaijan. Meanwhile, due to this poem and the related liberal views the young poet faces the serious political pressures and even the issue of his imprisonment by the soviet regime becomes actual. The presented investigation provides the detailed analysis of services by Bakhtyar Vahabzada towards the achievement of state independence of Azerbaijan in line with historical stages on the ground of the poet᾽s works and biographical facts included into these series. Futhermore, special attention in this context is paid to the concrete events relating to the creation of the various works of the poet, the philosophical trends appearing in the heritage of Bakhtiyar Vahabzada as well as to his activities towards the preservation and enrichment of Azerbaijani language.
The happy future of Bakhtiyar Vahabzada᾽s dreams will appear
Keywords: nation-building process, political censorship, partition of Azerbaijan, national and moral values, philosophical trends, mother tongue