The reforms carried out in Soviet society since the mid-1950s began to manifest themselves in the humanitarian field, especially in the literary one, as well as in socio-political life. Although the ideology weakened the control over literature to a certain extent, it did not want to lose control completely. On the one hand, it was related to preserving the political system in any case, and on the other hand, adapting to a new era and new stage. Though the ideological pressure on the writer was not as harsh and sharp as in the 1930s and 1950s, it continued in one way or another in the 1960s. The political system required the literature to be propagated by the criteria of existing ideology and control over literature was carried out through “Glavlit” – “General Directorate for Literature and Publishing Affairs”. Literary examples that did not meet the requirements were either subjected to Glavlit’s scissors or were analyzed and measured at the Writer’s Union plenum, as well as at the meetings of the Central Committee.
On the other hand, the events taking place on a broad scale of the whole Union caused a certain revival in Azerbaijani literature. The struggle for the Azerbaijani language and the removal of the ban on the “Kitabi Dede Gorgud” epic did not remain unaffected concerning the literary environment and literary process. In that period when Repression fear was decreased, writers began to include issues of national thought and national self-awareness in their works.

Keywords: 1950-60s years, Azerbaijan literature, ideological contours, historical truth, artistic reality