Kamala Nuriyeva

Khurshidbanu Natavan, whose poems are characterized by high emotionality and individual creativity, is one of the poets who continued the tradition of classical poetry, which lived and created in the 19th century. The artistic legacy of Khurshidbanu Natavan consists of her poems written after the 50s of the XIX century, especially from 1872, when "Majlisi-uns" was organized. The poet, whose works are rich in both love content and nature descriptions, also has autobiographical ghazals. In these poems of Natavan, whose creativity is generally dominated by Fuzuli-style pessimism, the motives of sadness are richer and more real. The death of her child at a young age has filled the soul of Natavan's creative work with more sadness. Among her poems dedicated to the death of her son, the ghazals "Getma" (Don`t go), "Sensiz" (Without you), "Getdi" (Has gone), "Afsus" (What a pity) are famous. Khurshudbanu Natavan, who brought the image of a grieving mother to Azerbaijani poetry with these ghazals, left the circle of individual grief and became the generalized hero of the sadness of mothers who lost their children. The poets who were Natavan's contemporaries wrote numerous vows and responses to these ghazals. In addition to the poems she wrote on the occasion of the death of her younger son Mir Abbas, the poet, who was separated from her beloved son due to the fact that her eldest son Mehdigulu Khan Vafa lived in Tbilisi due to his military service, also wrote sad poems on this occasion. In the article, the motif of sadness expressed for the above two reasons in Natavan's autobiographical ghazals is analyzed. At the same time, examples of vows and comforting responses written to Natavan's mentioned ghazals are given.

Keywords: Khurshidbanu Natevan, classical poetry, ghazal, sorrow literature, loss of child