Gender issues in “Wuthering heights” by Emily Bronte

This article deals with the gender issues in the plays of Victorian writers, in particular, the novels of the Bronte sisters, who were distinguished by their styles of that period. The main purpose of the article is to study the relationship between men and women, to analyze the role of women in society and family and gender relations in “Wuthering Heights” by Emily Bronte.
Nineteenth-century English literature, especially, Victorian literature, has always been a period of scientific research and interest. Writers of Victorian literature, based on the traditions of their predecessors, further developed new works, formed new themes and motives, a realistic aesthetics, and laid the foundation of twentieth-century literature. Thomas Hardy, Elizabeth Gaskell, Charlotte and Emily Bronte, Charles Dickens and other prominent figures in the literature of this period believed in the need to change the ideological relations, social structure, traditional family norms and lifestyles of the time, and hoped to form new socio-cultural relations.
In Wuthering Heights, a non-specific novel for the Victorian literary canon, Emily Bronte was distinguished from her contemporaries to present a literary depiction of the concept of relationship and love between a man and a woman. Emily, in fact, tried to create a new image of a woman in which we can feel the new signs of feminism.
In this article, we also tried to depict Victorian women through the character of Catherine, and the differences and similarities of Catherine Earnshaw from women of that period. We think that, however, Emily wanted to create a new woman in the character of Catherine, who could protest against the social injustices of the time and try to confess her feelings wildly, she was not able to achieve what she wanted, fearing the criticism of her society.

Keywords: gender, woman, Victorian literature, character, literary description, feminism