Utopian voyage in english literature
Mahira Hajiyeva

As we can see, the utopia of travel, which originated in English literature in
the 16th century, continues into subsequent centuries in the form of stories about the
main characters who seek adventure, material well-being and moral prosperity. The
road they choose is more important than their destination. The utopia depicted is not
a life spent in material luxury, but rather in a spiritual comfort, moral peace, and
mental development.
In the 18th century, utopian literature is still based on travel experiences but
has a distinguishing feature. This is the development of the protagonist's character.
Travel means both physical travel and spiritual travel. This journey begins with the
protagonist looking for new life, and as a result, he reaches moral maturity, calmness
and knowledge.
The authors we are discussing are people who played an important role in the
political, social and cultural life of their time. Therefore, it would be a mistake to
consider their work only from cultural point of view. Utopia is usually viewed as a
fictional tale. It is clear, however, that writers used utopia to indirectly portray the
social and political problems of their time. These problems are described as solved in
utopian countries. These include political criticism, social differentiation, race and
gender issues. In the utopian literature of the time, this critical approach also
manifests itself through satirical elements and dystopian features.

Keywords: utopia, voyage, society, government, protagonist