Classical epic traditional and narration of dastanes by Shirvan ashugs
Tariel Gani

The classical epic tradition has always attracted the attention of scientific and
theoretical thought, requiring a multidirectional analysis. This also includes the
youthfulness and originality of the epic tradition in the narration of the Shirvan ashug
environment. In general, the narration is one aspect of the richness of Azerbaijani
ashug environments. It has a great artistic experience from ozan to the poet. The
textual information of the epos "Kitabi-Dada Gorgud" reveals not only the genre
typology of the epos but also the narrator (poet's repertoire). From this point of view,
the ashug environment of Shirvan is one of the centres of art rooted in the historical
and cultural stream. The workload of the artists who lived there at different times and
the audience they embraced have particular richness. The etiquette and richness of
the repertoire of such masters as Ashug Bilal, Ashug Ahmad, Ashug Shakir, Ashug
Panah, Ashug Khanmusa, Ashug Mammaədagha, Ashug Barat, Ashug Yanvar etc.
are an example of this. The presence of classical epics ("Koroghlu", "Ashug Garib",

"Gurbani", "Tahir and Zohra", "Abbas and Gulgaz", "Sick Gasim and Meleksima",
"Valeh and Zarnigar", "Ashug Amrah") as well as examples of recent epics ("Ashuig
Mirza Bilal", "Shirvan and Fargana", "Yaser Khazri and Sahar Tabrizi", "Janbakhish
and Gudyal", "Ashug Shakir and Jeyran khanum", etc.) in the audience, shows the
continuity of the historical flow. All these demonstrate the general flow of
storytelling in the Shirvan ashug environment.

Keywords: Shirvan epos narration, epic tradition, epic, epos, Shirvan ashugs, ashug repertoire