The twentieth century was very wealthy in the literature and culture as it was in the socio-political life of the Azerbaijani people, but also very complex and full of contradictions. From the beginning of the twentieth century, the confrontation between the ideas of two opposing movements – Bolshevism and those fighting for national independence, the gradual collapse of the Great Empire – tsarism, the victory of Bolshevism were among the greatest events of the twentieth century. Against this background, in 1900-1920s , the embodiment of national ideals in the fiction, the art of speech, in general the rapid development of literature and culture took place. However, the Soviet revolution created a completely different picture in literature as well as in the socio-political life of Azerbaijan. The literature began to sacrifice its freedom, independence, objective attitude to life and reality to the ideas of Bolshevism. A new epoch in the history of millennial universal artistic progress begun – the stage of socialist realism. Rasul Rza was the first poet to revive the true nature of Soviet repressions in Azerbaijani poetry, to echo in the light of the artistic word to the terrible tragedies played by the bloody crimes committed in the fate of our intellectuals, especially artists and writers. Although his poem "It Wasn't a Rose" written in the years 1956- 1960 did not fully reflect the bloody crimes of Soviet repression, the extermination of innocent people, deportation to Siberia, or the execution of the "troika" – the trinity, in Azerbaijani poetry, it summarizes the tragic days in the 1930s , when Soviet repression raged against, depicting the fate of the unfortunate poet Mikail Mushfig. The poem was written mainly with an appeal to Mushfig's wife Dilbar khanum Akhundzade. However, only the poet himself speaks in this appeal. And it's more like a monologue than a dialogue. In this monologue, the author talks about his acquaintance with M. Mushfig and the literary environment of the 1930s . Although the poem talks about the fate of Mushfig, the tragic endings of the Javids, Seyid Husseins, Yusif Vazirs, Gantamirs, Sanilis, Ruhulla Akhundovs, Abbas Mirzas are in front of our eyes. "Is it possible to shout the truth at a time when crime is sweeping away the bloodshed?" Would there be those who heard at a time when totalitarianism reigned and challenged? – Maybe it would be, but would the "millions carrying all the burdens, sorrows and hardships of the country on their shoulders" hear and understand this shout and protest?! The voices of protest against oppression, injustice and unfairness are like the "words which are lost while they are cried out by a missing man left alone in the desert". The poem summarizes the tragic fate of the victims of repression in the image of Mushfig.
The word of a missing person will be lost
Keywords: Azerbaijan literature, social realism, Rasul Rza, Mikail Mushfig, “Gizilgul olmayaydi” ("It Wasn't a Rose")